Geography: Comparing Iceland and Canada

    The following page has been designed to compare the demographics of Iceland and Canada. We will compare both nations to appreciate the many differences and similarities that exist between both countries. 

The following demographic information compares Iceland and Canada. (2001)

Name of Country

 Iceland

Official: Republic of Iceland

Canada

Area

103,000 sq kms

9, 976,000 sq kms

Population

279,000

31,280,000

Capital City

Reykjavík

Ottawa

People

97% Icelanders

British descent (28%), French descent (23%), Italian descent (3%), aboriginal peoples (2%), plus significant minorities of German, Ukrainian, Dutch, Greek, Polish and Chinese descent

Religion

95% Evangelical Lutheran, 3% other Protestant denominations, 1% Roman Catholic, & some followers of Ásatrú, an ancient Norse religion

Catholic (45%), Protestant (36%) and minorities from most of the world's major religions

Government

Constitutional republic

Parliamentary democracy

GDP

US$23,700

US$25,000

Currency

Krona

Dollar

Population Growth

1%

1.1%

Inflation

3%

3%

Major Industries

Fishing, aquaculture, aluminum smelting & geothermal power

processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, transportation equipment, chemicals, fish products, petroleum and natural gas

Major Trading Partners

Germany, Norway, UK, Denmark, Sweden and USA

USA, Japan, EU, China and South Korea

Language

Icelandic

English, French and 53 native languages

Infant Mortality Rate

5/1000

5/1000

Fertility Rate

2

2

Population Density

3 persons per square kilometer

3 persons per square kilometer

Motor Vehicles

612 per 1000

557 per 1000

Internet Users

60.2% of population

40.6% of population

Sources: United Nations and Lonely Planet Web Sites.                  

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